Papaver nudicaule, the Iceland poppy, is a boreal flowering plant. Native to subpolar regions of Europe, Asia and North America, and the mountains of Central Asia (but not in Iceland). Iceland poppies are hardy but short-lived perennials, often grown as biennials, that yield large, papery, bowl-shaped, lightly fragrant flowers supported by hairy, one foot, curved stems among feathery blue-green foliage. They were first described by botanists in 1759. The Latin specific epithet Nudicaule means With bare stems. All parts of this plant are likely to be poisonous, containing (like all poppies) toxic alkaloids.