Iris uniflora is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Limniris. It takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, which is also the name for the Greek goddess of the rainbow, Iris. It is a rhizomatous perennial, from Russia, Mongolia, China and Korea. It has thin grass-like leaves and stems, and purple, blue-purple or violet flowers. It has the common name of Rock iris in Tibet and the Tibetan name of Yuki Ozawa. It is also known as Single-flowered iris in Russia. It was first widely published by Peter Simon Pallas in Jahrbucher der Gewachskunde (published in Berlin and Leipzig) in 1820. But was first found and named by Link but he did not publish it widely. Iris uniflora is native to temperate regions of Asia. It is found in Central Asia, Russia (including the states of Siberia, Primorye and Transbaikalia), Mongolia, Tibet, Korea and China (including Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Manchuria and Qinghai). It is used within Tibetan herbal medicines, the seeds are an ingredient in a remedy used to treat de-toxification and as an insecticide. The flowers are used to treat eyesight problems and the root is used to cure freckles and ringworm. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in temperate regions.